Brook trout spawning in a coldwater stream. Film by Steve Noakes
Groups concerned about Erin’s proposed plant effect on coldwater fish, by Keegan Kozolanka
Ontario Rivers Alliance says town has ‘dismissed’ plans to protect Credit River brook trout from Erin wastewater plant, by Alexandra Heck
The Town of Erin (Erin) is in the design phase of a new sewage treatment plant, and the Ontario Rivers Alliance (ORA) is concerned that the sewage plant effluent will endanger some of the most productive and highly valued brook trout populations in the West Credit River.
In June of this year, the ORA raised its concerns to Erin’s Mayor and Council through a comprehensive independent background report, recommending strategies that would protect this coldwater brook trout habitat. According to Linda Heron, Chair of the ORA, “Without adequate measures to lessen the effects of a warming climate, the temperature of the sewage plant effluent will pose an increasing threat to critical brook trout habitat and endanger resident brook trout”. The full report is available on ORA’s website here.
Erin’s own environmental consultants indicated that sewage effluent warmer than 19°C would be toxic to brook trout and recommended that sewage plant permitting should include a maximum effluent temperature limit of 19°C with a preferred maximum temperature of 17°C. Additionally, the Ministry of Environment, Conservation and Parks staff requested written limits on effluent temperature be included in the Environmental Study Report (ESR).
In the end, effluent temperature limits were not included in the final ESR. This means the plant will not be required to include special measures to minimize effluent temperature. According to Heron, “Our own investigations indicate that effluent temperatures could be as warm as 22°C and could increase to 25°C over time due to climate change predictions. This could potentially be fatal to brook trout over a sustained period of time”.
The Erin sewage plant project has been under discussion for over 25 years. The original proposal, completed in 2014, recommended an effluent volume of only 2,160,000 litres per day to protect the West Credit River. However, a new consultant retained in 2015 recommended the effluent volume be increased dramatically to almost 7,200,000 litres per day. According to Heron, “The West Credit River is a small stream, so discharge of large volumes of warm effluent into this sensitive ecosystem could damage this critical coldwater brook trout habitat”.
ORA’s report identifies strategies that design engineers could use to keep the sewage effluent cool and includes river improvement projects that would help offset thermal impacts and build resilience into the riverine ecosystem. Heron adds, “The Town of Erin has not yet taken us up on our offer to appear before Council to discuss our recommendations, but this is an opportune time to incorporate these cost-effective strategies into the sewage plant design to protect this important brook trout fishery”.
The Ontario Rivers Alliance is a not-for-profit grassroots organization with a mission to protect, conserve and restore Ontario rivers.