Category Archives: Half Mile Rapids

ORA Celebrates 10 years of Service to Ontario Rivers

A presentation made by the Chair of ORA:

A presentation made by the Chair at ORA’s 16 October 2021 Annual General Meeting:

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Terminated FIT Contracts

The Ontario Rivers Alliance filed a Freedom of Information Application with the IESO in February of 2016 to obtain the following list of terminated Feed-in-Tariff Contracts: Continue reading

10 Ontario Rivers Protected from 19 Hydroelectric Projects

Wabagishik Rapids – Vermilion River

Update: In the end, ORA and our membership stopped 24 projects on 12 rivers.

MEDIA RELEASE:  For Immediate Release:  13 July 2016

10 Ontario Rivers Protected from 19 Hydroelectric Projects

SUDBURY:  The Ontario Rivers Alliance (ORA) is celebrating a major victory in the protection of 10 Ontario rivers that have been under threat from 19 proposed hydroelectric projects.   Actions taken by the ORA and its members have led to what was considered to be impossible – the termination of 19 Feed-in-Tariff (FIT) Contracts.

In 2011, ORA came into being to address a rash of 87 proposed hydroelectric proposals initiated under the Green Energy Act.  The offer of generous incentives to produce power during peak demand hours had proponents rushing to claim access to falls and rapids on rivers all across the province.  The number of proposals to actually receive FIT Contracts was soon reduced to 41, and of those, Xeneca Power Development Inc. had secured 19 contracts for projects involving 23 Crown sites on 10 Ontario rivers. Continue reading

The Key to River Protection Lies in River Usage


Photo by Dave Rhodes

Photo by Dave Rhodes

It can be extraordinarily difficult to convince someone to take action to protect something which has no bearing on their lives. Now, for those reading this newsletter or course it is painfully obvious that healthy river ecosystems impact our day to day lives in innumerable ways. However, for those less involved in river life, these beautiful waterways often quietly stream by without garnering even a moment’s thought. Sadly, when the time comes to protect these same waterways, advocates for river protection first must expend considerable energy to convince an audience of “why” before addressing the ”how.”  When the Petawawa River, a major tributary of the Ottawa River, was threatened by the Big Eddy hydroelectric project, the local paddling community immediately began efforts to eliminate the “why” question and make sure that this river was really being used and valued. Continue reading

ORA Actions Have Significant Impact on Protection of Rivers


Posted 8 March 2014

A number of environmentally harmful hydroelectric projects would likely be under construction by now if not for actions taken by ORA and our members.

In the fall of 2011, ORA was instrumental in a coordinated effort that resulted in three separate Environmental Reports (ERs) submitted by Xeneca Power Development Inc. (Xeneca)  being rejected by Ontario’s Ministry of Environment.  This was due to several deficiencies, as well as a “lack of traceability and transparency in Xeneca’s decision-making process and associated documentation”.  The developer was sent back to complete key studies and do more planning.  This rejection has led to another two years of studies, which has provided precious time for circumstances to influence some of their other proposals.  These ERs were three of a total of 19 proposals by Xeneca.

This was due to ORA and several of its members submitting Part II Order requests on hydro-electric proposals for the Ivanhoe, Frederick House and Serpent Rivers.  These were requests for the Minister of Environment to require an Individual Environmental Assessment (EA) for the projects.

Under current provincial legislation, Part II Order requests are the only option for the public and stakeholders to advocate for a more rigorous scrutiny of the proposal, and hopefully a more environmentally and socially sustainable hydroelectric project.

The proponent led process puts the fox in charge of the henhouse.  The proponent decides when to notify and consult with stakeholders, relay information, and share important documentation. Proponents don’t hesitate to let you know it’s a done deal, and that there is nothing you can do to stop the project.

Although requests to elevate the first three projects to individual EAs were not granted, these efforts did result in the proponent being required to conduct further studies. Not only did this delay the original three proposals, but it also caused Xeneca to shelve several other proposals that it had intended to issue Draft ERs on by the spring of 2012.  It has also provided time for the Department of National Defence to remove two waterpower sites on the Petawawa River.

This action by ORA and its members in 2011 bought valuable time for other events to transpire, and without this action, many of these proposals would most likely have been through the EA process by now, into the permitting phase, and under construction.

As of yet, none of Xeneca’s 19 intended projects have been approved by the Minister of Environment, and not one of the original three proposals has come back through to ER.

The first of Xeneca’s projects to make it through to the ER stage since then is the proposed Wabagishik Rapids Generating Station on the Vermilion River. In response to Xeneca’s ER and Notice of Completion in the fall of 2013, nineteen Part II Order requests were submitted to the MOE by ORA, Vermilion River Stewardship, and other concerned citizens. The large number of requests is in large part due to public awareness activities by ORA over the past few years. Currently, we are awaiting a response from the Minister regarding Wabagishik.

You can help ORA continue our work by becoming a member or making a contribution.  For more information click here.


Big Eddy Hydroelectric Proposal Hits a Major Roadblock

Petawawa River

Posted 8 March 2014

River advocates who have spent years working to protect the Petawawa had cause to celebrate recently as they learned the Department of National Defence (DND) abruptly terminated its temporary lease agreement with Xeneca Power Development Inc. (Xeneca), which was proposing a hydroelectric project at Big Eddy rapids.

The move puts the proposal on shaky ground, because the north end of the dam and the powerhouse were to be on DND property.  Dr. G. Alan Hepburn, a spokesperson for the Community Alliance to Save the Petawawa (CASP), says he was delighted to hear the news. He says it would have been more satisfying to see the project terminated on environmental grounds, but he welcomes its demise for any reason.

CASP has been working tirelessly in opposition to the project since it was first proposed in 2007. The group opposes the proposed development because of the serious threats it poses to the river’s ecology and to its recreational value. CASP also has concerns about the public safety impact in the event the computer system controlling the station should fail.

The organizers of the Hell or High Water events over the last 5 years have also worked diligently, in tandem with Whitewater Ontario (WO), to raise public awareness, maintain open dialogue with the proponent, and to challenge them to remain open and accountable to the public.  There are many joint letters written to Xeneca and posted on the WO website under Advocacy.

Ottawa Riverkeeper has also been very involved in efforts to prevent the development. In a letter to Xeneca in 2011, the organization outlined the many reasons the project should not proceed. Read Ottawa Riverkeeper’s submission here.

The letter relayed concerns that “the Petawawa River is one of only two remaining undammed tributaries of the Ottawa River and supports a wide range of important plant and animal species, including two notable species at risk, the American Eel and the Lake Sturgeon.  Given that the headwaters of the Petawawa River are within the boundaries of Algonquin Park, this river is relatively pristine, and blocking access to this vast area of high quality habitat would undoubtedly cause a significant reduction or loss of biological diversity in this freshwater ecosystem. The tributaries of the Ottawa River provide very important refuge and spawning areas for fish and it is well known that there are valuable spawning areas for Muskellunge in the Petawawa River.

Dams and weirs block migration of fish within a river and can threaten the viability of a species if provisions are not made to accommodate both upstream and downstream migration for fish.

As is the case for many other hydroelectric proposals across the province, damage to the river ecosystem would be extensive, and the project would have minimal benefits for the local economy.  Dr. Hepburn points out that the project would have been constructed by an out-of-town company, the equipment would have been procured elsewhere, and the only construction dollars spent locally would have been for concrete and accommodation for the out-of-town workers.  It is also not well known that the local municipalities would receive no tax revenue, and once built, the project would employ only one part time caretaker, because the system would be under computer controlled remotely.

Furthermore, these projects would not be beneficial to hydro ratepayers. Investors are attracted to them because the Feed In Tariff agreements offered to the proponents guarantee  roughly five times the going wholesale rate for every kilowatt hour they produce.  As well, developers cannot be told to stand down and stop generating if we have a surplus of power – they get paid for whatever they can produce, whether it is needed it or not.  In other words, the only ones who will really benefit are the developers.

Ontario Rivers Alliance’s (ORA) role in the Big Eddy proposal has been to collaborate, share information, strategize, support, and advocate for socially and environmentally responsible and sustainable projects all across Ontario.   ORA has worked tirelessly to address individual proposals, including the Big Eddy, as well as to influence policy and legislation that impacts on all Ontario freshwater resources.

Concerns of Pembroke Outdoor Sportsman’s Club – Big Eddy, Petawawa River Hydroelectric Proposal

Fish Spawning Miqration Upstream and Downstream
“There exist serious concerns about unimpeded upstream and downstream migration of walleye, river sturgeon and possibly American eel, reaching and migrating over or through any man-made structure proposed to be placed into the Petawawa River as, to our knowledge no proven design model exists elsewhere with a “migrating success rate” nearing 90%.”

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Xeneca Tipped the Scale – Town can’t support Green Energy Act


OBSERVER PHOTO  Petawawa councillor Treena Lemay made a motion informing Premier Dalton McGuinty that Petawawa council does not and will not give any support or sanction any project under the Green Energy Act.

OBSERVER PHOTO Petawawa councillor Treena Lemay made a motion informing Premier Dalton McGuinty that Petawawa council does not and will not give any support or sanction any project under the Green Energy Act.

PETAWAWA – Council has taken a stand on the province’s Green Energy Act.

On the heels of Xeneca’s recent Public Information Centre, Petawawa Council voted unanimously at a recent meeting to no longer support the province’s Green Energy Act 2009.

In a move to stand up to the green energy project moving in to town, Councillor Treena Lemay made a motion to inform Premier Dalton McGuinty and the ministry of energy and infrastructure and the minister of the environment and natural resources that Petawawa council does not and will not give any support or sanction any project that seeks or will be seeking ministry approval under the Green Energy Act 2009 and in particular the feed-in-tariff provision.

Coun. Lemay explained to council that George Smitherman, the minster of Energy and Infrastructure at the time, brought in the Green Energy Act 2009 to eliminate ‘social roadblocks’ over the siting of renewable energy infrastructure projects.

She referred to public consultation and objections as the “social roadblocks.”

“The act promoted ‘fast tracking’ of environmental approvals for all electricity infrastructure projects, removed the long-established local planning process and left rural residents without effective noise complaint protocols and municipalities with no voice in their own community development,” explained Coun. Lemay.

She objected to the enormous costs associated with the green energy, referring to the $5 billion price tag to bring wind energy to cities because new transmission lines need to be installed, which will fall onto the taxpayers, not from the profits made by the energy corporations.

Councillor James Carmody applauded his fellow council member for putting the motion and information together.

While he said he is in favour of green energy projects he said he isn’t in favour of implementing them ‘at any cost.’

“This motion really cuts to the chase and focuses on what is really concerning about the Green Energy Act.”

Citing green energy as heavily subsidized, unsustainable and unaffordable Coun. Carmody said “the McGuinty Liberals are running and expensive energy experiment here, one which has failed elsewhere. It’s a buy high, sell low approach to energy, that in the end is paid for by the consumer.”

He referred to Tim Hudak’s description of the act at the Good Roads Convention in 2011, “Every kid who runs a lemonade stand knows you can’t buy lemons for 80 cents and then sell lemonade for a nickel. That’s what the Liberals are doing with heavily subsidized green energy projects.”

Coun. Carmody acknowledged that sacrifices must be made to create energy, but, “The Green Energy Act sacrifices too much, can cause irreversible damage and is the equivalent of picking low hanging fruit.

“The fact the EA process has been fast tracked can have long standing equivalent effects on our environment, for us and for generations to come. That is far more worrisome prospect than the loss of a few recreational activities.”

After making her motion Coun. Lemay gave a list of town objections including the fact the green act “abandons the concept of economically prudent service to customers, shifting the cost of renewable subsidies to consumers despite handsome profits for developers is unacceptable to taxpayers and detrimental to the economy.”

She also cited, “the province has increasingly stepped away from some key EA decision making responsibilities and the Ministry of Environment is not adequately meeting its vital procedural oversight role.”

Concluding her presentation she noted, the evaluation and approvals processes contained in the act are flawed in that they do not adequately carry out meaningful consultations with the electorate and that those that are included do not appear to listen to, comprehend, fully investigate and accommodate the concerns of the hundreds of people who respond to the Environmental Bill of Rights.

Before he called the vote Mayor Bob Sweet wanted to be clear that council was voting against the whole Green Energy Act 2009 and the feed-in-tariff process.

Council acknowledged it was.

Cyndi Mills is a Daily Observer multimedia journalist

Draft American Eel Recovery Strategy – Skip Ross to Bree Walpole – 10 February 2011

From: Skip Ross []
Sent: Thursday, February 10, 2011 11:28 PM

To: ‘’

Subject: Draft American Eel Recovery Strategy

Kwey kwey Ms.Walpole

I am a 78 year old Elder from Pikwakanagan First Nation. I am old enough to remember eels in the Petawawa River and Lake Temagami. My Chief Kirby Whiteduck has written a letter about American Eel that needs to be part of The Eel Recovery Strategy. The eels must return to the Petawawa River as soon as possible since they are the basis for teaching so many things to our young people who have been robbed of the source of their instruction since we Elders can no longer show them the eels in our homeland. The Ontario Government policy about dam development under the Green Energy and Economy Act interferes with the Ontario Government policy to protect the fish in our rivers. The “cash for support” to First Nations who support dam development causes a split in our community among those who want the money and those who want to preserve the eels. It is wrong for the Ontario Government to introduce policies that cause such a split in our communities and tempts some First Nations people to sacrifice the eels by allowing dam development. Continue reading

Half Mile Rapids, Petawawa River – Proposed Hydroelectric GS – Notice of Commencement EA


of an Environmental Assessment

Half Mile Rapids Generating Station Project: CFB Petawawa, Ontario

Petawawa, Canadian Forces Base (ON)

June 10, 2009 (Updated February 8, 2011) — National Defence, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada and Transport Canada are required to ensure that a screening is conducted commencing on June 3, 2009 in relation to the development proposal: Half Mile Rapids Generating Station Project: CFB Petawawa, Ontario.

Xeneca Power Development Inc., has proposed to build a waterpower electricity generating facility on the Petawawa River. The Half Mile waterpower development site is located entirely on Canadian Forces Base Petawawa.

Xeneca Power is proposing to construct hydroelectric facilities at Half Mile Rapids. The facility will have a generating capacity of 4.8 MW. The main components will include a water control structure (dam), power canal, discharge canal and powerhouse. A road upgrade and new roads will be required to access the site. A 115kv transmission line 10.5km long connecting near the Petawawa-Craig TS at tower structure # P35 on line Circuit D6 (via Big Eddy Generating Station) will be installed in order to connect the station to the Hydro One electrical grid. Continue reading